The paper discusses the different typologies of combined transportation in Europe. It shows that an improvement of handling infrastructure for combined transport can positively reduce environmental costs of trading between regions. However, the expected emission reduction effects are relatively small in comparison to the total emissions of the transport sector. This means that in order to achieve a substantial reduction of emissions combined transport initiatives need to be complemented by a reduction of the specific emissions of the relevant transport modes.
The study also stresses that multimodal transport may have additional social benefits other than emission saving. It may reduce other forms of external costs from road freight such as land use, congestion, or noise.
The paper closes with an outlook towards the development of the combined transportation sector.
Read the study here.
Dr. Jan Wedemeier, +49 (0)421 2208 - 243